How can the expansion of small and medium enterprises in lower‐income countries be best supported? Smart Airports: Review and Open Research Issues. For business, committing to sustainable development … How are marginalised groups accessing and using information and communication technologies to produce and use data in ways that strengthen their empowerment? Not only do these questions raise important issues in themselves but they also highlight a potential limitation of the many other post‐2015 priority‐setting exercises using pre‐determined themes. What evidence is there that private sector finance has played a major role in the provision of basic services such as access to water, sanitation or energy, for the poorest quintile in lower‐income countries? The process of identifying research priorities needs to move beyond academia and involve a broader set of political and social stakeholders because the impact of solution‐based research approaches depends on how the academic community is able to collaboratively engage with problems faced by practitioners and policy‐makers. Such regionally targeted consultations would provide data for cross‐regional comparisons and be useful for aligning research, policy and development initiatives to locally determined needs. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. What is sustainable development? A robust response to global health issues, including sexual and reproductive rights, mental health, non‐communicable and communicable diseases, access to medicines and nutrition requires the strengthening of health systems and the implementation of initiatives that support governance at national and international levels (de Savigny and Adam, 2009; Adam and de Savigny, 2012). Poverty, food security and environmental sustainability are inextricably linked to the agricultural sector. Addressing ‘problems without passports’, Health Equity through Intersectoral Action: An analysis of 18 country case studies, Global Consultation and Addressing Inequalities in the Post‐2015 Development Agenda, Land Administration for Sustainable Development, At Risk: Natural hazards, people's vulnerability and disasters, After the MDGs: Citizen deliberation and the post‐2015 development framework, Rethinking Economic Geography: World development report 2009, More Actors, More Money, More Ideas for International Development Co‐Operation, Conflict, State Fragility and Aid Effectiveness: Insights from Afghanistan. Although untestable in the framework of this project, it is likely that a consultation with a different disciplinary and geographic composition of participants (for example, with a higher rate of participation from the global South) could have proposed both a different set of initial questions and a final shortlist. A good starting point for thinking about research questions is to first read through the Sustainability sections in the Developing the Proposal menu. Will China Change International Development As We Know It? Doing so is fraught with difficulties; beyond designed solutions, there are issues of politics (international, national and local) and challenges of implementation. Elucidating the relationships among different actors and levels of governance, and how these relationships shape the protection of rights and political participation of social groups (including women, young people, indigenous peoples and marginal communities), or fail to do so and reproduce inequalities and conflict, is crucial for the identification of inclusive and responsive development strategies. What new approaches addressing child labour most effectively promote children's rights and wellbeing? What support or alliances do women leaders and politicians need in the Global South and how can they best be provided or enabled? Institutions based in Europe and North America contributed 74% of questions, while organisations in Latin America, Africa and Australasia accounted for 22% of submitted questions. As a doctoral research student at Sussex, you are supported by two supervisors and often get the chance to hold seminars and take part in other research activities. To this end, a total of 35 academics and representatives of non‐governmental (NGOs) and international organisations with a diverse set of expertise (Appendix 1) took part in a consultative exercise to collaboratively identify 100 questions that have not yet been satisfactorily addressed and that are of critical importance for the new development agenda. Academics Stand Against Poverty (ASAP), United States, Africa Research Institute, United Kingdom, Association of Commonwealth Universities, United Kingdom, British NGOs for Overseas Development (BOND), United Kingdom, Building and Social Housing Foundation, United Kingdom, Bureau of Integrated Rural Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana, CARE International, United Kingdom and Ethiopia, Catholic Aid Agency for England and Wales (CAFOD), United Kingdom, Centre for Engineering and Industrial Design (CIDESI), Mexico, Centre for HIV Prevention and Research, Kenya, Centre for the Development of People, Ghana, Centro de Estudios de la Realidad Eonómica y Social (CERES), Bolivia, Clash International, Ghana and United States, Coordinadora Latinoamericana y del Caribe de Pequeños Productores de Comercio Justo, Colombia, Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), Germany, Foundation Adamfo Ghana, The Netherlands and United Kingdom, International Institute for Environment and Development, United Kingdom, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), France, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Nepal, International Civil Society Centre, Germany, International Forestry Resources and Institutions (IFRI) Network, United States, India and Uganda, International HIV/AIDs Alliance, United Kingdom, International NGO Training and Research Centre, United Kingdom, International Rescue Committee, United States, Irise International, United Kingdom and Uganda, London International Development Centre (LIDC), United Kingdom, Netherlands Organisation for International Cooperation in Higher Education (NUFFIC), The Netherlands, Overseas Development Institute, United Kingdom, Pan African Institute for Development ‐ West Africa (PAID‐WA), Cameroon, Planet Earth Institute, United Kingdom and Angola, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Peru (PUCP), Peru, Recrear International Youth Organisation, Canada, Royal College of Pediatrics and Child Health International, United Kingdom, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), United Kingdom, Secretariat of the International Land Coalition, Italy, The James Hutton Institute, United Kingdom, The Postharvest Education Foundation, United States, UK Collaborative on Development Sciences (UKCDS), United Kingdom, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Bolivia, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Argentina, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Slovakia, United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), Kyrgystan, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), Switzerland, Universidad Federal Fluminense (UFF), Brazil, University College London, United Kingdom, Volunteer Service Overseas (VSO), United Kingdom, Women's Global Network for Reproductive Rights (WGNRR), The Philippines. Framing natural assets for advancing sustainability research: translating different perspectives into actions. To inform such efforts, a recent … What has been the impact of different strategies and approaches towards mental health in lower‐income countries? Research on Sustainable Urban Development (SUD) at Oxford seeks to develop advanced knowledge on the challenges and opportunities for developing more sustainable … The first phase of the project used three approaches to arrive at an initial set of candidate questions: Individuals submitting questions were encouraged to discuss ideas with colleagues and formulate questions arising from these conversations using the criteria set out by Sutherland et al. respond to calls for more inclusive and evidence‐based decision‐making processes (for example, Glaser, 2012). The challenge of doing so has led to a realisation that transdisciplinary efforts for knowledge co‐production combining the expertise of academics, practitioners and policy‐makers are needed to design problem‐driven, usable and solution‐oriented approaches. Engagement fatigue, unease with similar contemporary consultation efforts and a lack of immediate benefits relative to the investments in terms of time and intellectual commitment might also have played a role. What is the impact of economic empowerment on violence against women and girls? What measures have been effective in increasing tax revenues in lower‐ and middle‐income countries? Learn about our remote access options. What can be learned from successful examples of large‐scale commercial agriculture's role in incentivising more sustainable forms of production? Click on goals to show targets and topics related to the Sustainable Development Goals as defined in Transforming Our World - the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Expand all Goals. How are information and data collection systems linked to the criminalisation and control of migrants and asylum seekers? What factors influence healthy food choices (including taste, culture, prices, marketing, access, control and food budgets) and what policies and interventions can encourage these? Income inequality maps in complex ways to other forms of inequality, including (dis)abilities, culture, identity, race and gender (Fraser and Honneth, 2003). End poverty in all its forms everywhere. Which inclusive innovation? Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education. While this response rate falls within the norm of online surveys (Shih and Fan, 2009), the different levels of engagement of North‐ and South‐based individuals and institutions cannot be explained without considering linguistic, cultural and technological barriers. What are the most effective ways to encourage women's political participation in contexts of resistance to gender equality? Participants were free to attend individual sessions of their choice but were asked to ensure that each session was attended by an approximately equal number of participants. What are the most cost‐effective approaches of sustainably increasing the agriculture productivity and incomes of small‐scale farmers? Collectively, these questions highlight a critical need for a deeper reflection on paradigms underpinning international development practices, the long‐debated reform of global institutions and the significance of contemporary economic and political scenarios for the development agenda. Qualitative Research Reports in Communication. Big Data for Development and Humanitarian Action. What are the barriers to generating simple yet representative indicators that combine elements of social and economic development with metrics of environmental health and sustainability? Research Questions. Under what circumstances and for whom is increasing smallholder agricultural productivity more cost‐effective at reducing poverty than the expansion of large‐scale commercial agriculture? This article presents the results of a consultative exercise to collaboratively identify 100 research questions of critical importance for the post‐2015 international development … As blockchain has trust, openness and transparency built into its design, its benefits are wide-ranging and impact multiple Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). What are the most effective methods and programmes for engaging men and boys as allies in combating all forms of violence against women and girls? Cooperative Enterprises and Sustainable Development in Post-Crisis Nepal: A Social Responsibility Perspective on Women’s Employment and Empowerment. The ninth section, ‘Development policies, practices and institutions’, comprised 102 questions addressing broader aspects of international development. Under what conditions can natural resource extraction and exploitation deliver joint social and environmental benefits? What are the most effective policies and mechanisms (from local to global) that combat human trafficking? It requires collaboration between researchers with different fields … This gap was an important justification for including them within the SDGs (goal 16, UN, 2014). What policies maximise the potential developmental benefits of migration while offsetting its negative consequences? This allowed us to include representatives based in fifteen countries in Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe,44 Collectively, these questions are relevant for future development‐related research priorities of governmental and non‐governmental organisations worldwide and could act as focal points for transdisciplinary research collaborations. A Suite of Field Manuals for Marine Sampling to Monitor Australian Waters. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: A Dismal Story of Academic Performance of Primary Students in West Bengal, India. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) herald a new phase for international development. Sustainable development require the active participation of all sectors of society and all types of people. Formal governance can refer to ‘mechanisms, institutions and processes through which authority is exercised in the conduct of public affairs’ (OHCHR, 2006). To further encourage the submission of questions by individuals and organisations that were not contacted directly during the consultation phase, these activities were complemented with an on‐line social media campaign using Facebook, Twitter (#ID100), and a dedicated website. Learn more. Similarly, an inclusive education agenda focusing on quality pre‐ and post‐primary education that promotes enrolment, retention and relevance to emerging job markets will be critical. Global population growth (predicted to reach 9.5 billion by 2050), increasing urbanisation and the intensification of intra‐ and inter‐national migratory flows will increasingly affect local, national and global governance, provision of resources and basic services (AFIDEP and PAI, 2012; Geiger and Pécoud, 2013; UNPD, 2012; 2013; World Bank, 2009). What are the consequences for development outcomes of the shift from national sovereignty to global governance? In recent years, the promotion and protection of human dignity and wellbeing has faced particularly severe challenges in situations where instability and conflict prevail (Zürcher, 2012), with gendered impacts often playing out against women and girls (UNRISD, 2005). Workshop participants submitted approximately a third of questions (35%), with those who were made aware of the project via social media or word of mouth contributing a similar amount (30%). What factors can influence the transition from a global economic system driven by consumption to one driven by the creation of wellbeing and equity? Which type of policies or strategies carried out by expanding middle‐income countries have proven to be more effective for the promotion of a more inclusive and equitable economic growth? 1A) (this was the process adopted by Sutherland et al., 2013). A political‐ philosophical exchange, Theory and Policy in International Development: Human development and capability approach and the Millennium Development Goals, Capacity for Development: New solutions to old problems, Varieties of Participation in Democratic Governance, Migration, Development and the “Migration and Development Nexus”, Base Sustainable Development Goals on Science, Sustainable Development for People and Planet, Food Security: The challenge of feeding 9 billion people, Good Enough Governance: Poverty reduction and reform in developing countries, Neoliberal Environments: False promises and unnatural consequences, Mineral‐rents and the Financing of Social Policy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Climate Change 2014: Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability, Conceptualising the CSR and Development Debate. Identifying Key Knowledge Gaps to Better Protect Biodiversity and Simultaneously Secure Livelihoods in a Priority Conservation Area. International transdisciplinary research initiatives, such as Future Earth,11 How can local governments with limited budgets respond to the needs of fast growing metropolitan areas? In cases where opportunities for youth employment have increased, what are the causes and what are the lessons? The shortlist includes questions addressing long‐standing problems, new challenges and broader issues related to development policies, practices and institutions. A history of the humanitarian–development nexus at UNICEF. Tied votes were resolved through an additional show of hands. Formulating research questions requires rigorous evaluation to determine which interesting, informative hypotheses can be examined with a set of available data or a type of modeling - which then informs revision of the research question for consistency. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005) and the Stern Review (2007) have drawn attention to the links between environmental health, human wellbeing and the quality of the economy. How natural resources and energy systems are governed will also have significant implications for climate change and will be inextricably related to geopolitics and international structures of power (Mitchell, 2012). End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable … Two weeks prior to the workshop, 35 experts, including all workshop participants and a number of individuals who contributed questions but were unable to attend the workshop, were asked to identify their top ranking (~20%) questions within at least two of the nine sections. What approaches most effectively protect and promote the rights of children with disabilities and significant mental and physical impairments? How can businesses be encouraged to better understand and deliver on human rights? How can the direct and indirect contributions of urban agriculture be maximised to create more food secure and sustainable cities? After the final shortlisting, questions were regrouped into one of the original nine macro‐thematic sections but were not assigned a rank. Ocean Research Priorities: Similarities and Differences among Scientists, Policymakers, and Fishermen in the United States. Has the integration of mobile technologies into development programming improved development outcomes for the most disadvantaged women, men and children? We also believe that the process of co‐production that we set out is essential for successfully and effectively tackling key challenges facing the international community, and that more efforts should be made to increase the participatory and transdisciplinary culture generation of international development research. Tackling inequality in its different forms can have major benefits for individual and social wellbeing including in health, education and nutrition (WHO, 2008), poverty reduction, as well as the stability of public institutions and political dynamics (UNRISD, 2010; UNPD, 2013). 2019 Dec;9 ... A group of 348 global and local experts in ECD-related research were identified and invited to generate research questions. Indeed, questions related to sustainable development play a greater and greater role in the strategic decisions of Québec businesses. Assessing the Policy Adoption and Impact of Geoinformation for enhancing Sustainable Mining in Africa. The $50 Trillion Question: UN Sustainable Development Goals Face Critical Investment Shortfall, Standard Chartered Research Finds. What factors best explain the reduction in urban violence where it has occurred? What are the most effective new approaches to support the sexual and reproductive rights of adolescents? Resilience offers escape from trapped thinking on poverty alleviation. In May 2014, SIID organised a workshop in collaboration with the United Kingdom's membership body of international development NGOs (BOND) and the UK Collaborative on Development Sciences (UKCDS). View Sustainable Tourism Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. Each session proposed between 18–25 ‘gold’‐ranked questions, 9–11 ‘silver’‐ranked questions and 8–11 ‘bronze’‐ranked questions. Which are the most dynamic sectors for ‘decent’ work in different rural and urban contexts and what transferable lessons can be learnt for job creation? On the second day of the workshop, the sessions considered two or three of the nine themes jointly. Although individuals and organisations based in Africa, Latin America and Asia‐Pacific proposed about a quarter of all questions submitted to the consultation, we witnessed relatively low response rates (~5%) from the wide range of organisations and individuals that were invited to take part during the consultation phase. Representatives from NGOs (10), intergovernmental organisations (4), governmental agencies (2), think‐tanks (2) and consultancies (2) accounted for about two thirds of workshop participants, while the remaining one third included academics with a range of expertise, including political science, anthropology, economics, geography, environmental sciences and public health. What are the development and accountability impacts of the increased role of and funding provided by philanthropists and philanthropic foundations? Inequality is … The adoption of the Millennium Declaration at the United Nations (UN) in 2000, and ensuing Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), committed the international community to achieving eight ambitious development objectives by 2015. Identifying future research directions for biodiversity, ecosystem services and sustainability: perspectives from early-career researchers. During the consultation phase, 705 individuals from 109 organisations based in 34 countries (Appendix 1) were involved in the formulation of 704 questions. Research within sustainable development is characterised by its broad nature, and cannot normally be carried out within a single discipline. How do different actors and agencies deal with conflicts between competing rights’ categories and rights’ holders, and how can these conflicts be addressed? Workshop participants were nationals from a number of countries in the Global North and South and had variety of specialisms, regional areas of expertise and experience in international development issues. What innovations in smallholder agriculture can be successfully transferred to large‐scale agricultural production systems, and vice‐versa? Future research and sharing of existing knowledge can provide answers to some of the questions that we have collectively identified as important for the future international development agenda and, therefore, likely to be able to make a significant impact on the implementation of the SDGs. How can the prominence and momentum of South‐South co‐operation be maximised and what will its impact on development practices and discourses be? For example, well‐established concerns about the rights of women, and of vulnerable groups such as poor workers, small‐scale farmers, people with disabilities, children and ethnic minorities feature alongside emerging issues, including the role of business in protecting human rights, and information and communication technologies as tools for empowerment and social integration. Striving for Justice in an Unequal World. Learn more about SDG 14 Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development: The oceans cover more than 70 per cent of the surface of our planet and … Unpacking the New Geography of 21st Century Global Development. How can women's empowerment in conflict and post‐conflict settings be strengthened? What effective social safety nets will be needed to protect men, women and children from chronic poverty and future threats linked to climate change? Now, almost 15 years after the Millennium Declaration, a new phase for international development is about to begin, and with it an opportunity to critically assess how new development goals and milestones are likely to be shaped and delivered. Will Emerging Donors Change the Face of International Co‐operation? The tone of the high‐level discussions at the 2012 UN‐led Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) and the recently published draft of the new SDGs (UN, 2014) reflect governments’ reticence to comply with targets they fear will restrict their potential for future economic growth (Tollefson, 2012). The shortlist also reflects a progressive shift from economic development towards a multifaceted and more complex way of understanding social change. What are the most effective approaches to reduce stigma‐based discrimination by health workers towards vulnerable groups? How can ‘common but differentiated responsibilities’ best be operationalised to deliver the SDGs? Managing Crop tradeoffs: A methodology for comparing the water footprint and nutrient density of crops for food system sustainability. Ensuring the development of new inclusive models of growth and reforms to the international financial system are crucial dilemmas facing an increasingly globalised, but highly segmented and unequal, global economy. The beginning of the 21st century heralded a shift in international development priorities and practices. Catalyzing Development through ICT Adoption. The value of these kind of research exercises ultimately relies on the ability of a variety of stakeholders to reach consensus around a set of research priorities put forward by large group of actors. In 2015, the world embarked on a new development agenda underpinned by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). How can architecture, urban design and planning address social sustainability most effectively and contribute to the creation of social equality and inclusion? Eight of these sections consisted of questions submitted under the original 11 ‘World We Want’ themes. Allowing participants to think outside of pre‐determined thematic boxes might raise issues that scrutinise broader concepts of development and their underlining assumptions. How can natural resource extraction and exploitation support inclusive, accountable and broad‐based development? The Economics of Climate Change: The Stern review, One Hundred Questions of Importance to the Conservation of Global Biological Diversity, Identification of 100 Fundamental Ecological Questions, Methods for Collaboratively Identifying Research Priorities and Emerging Issues in Science and Policy, Transforming our World: The 2013 agenda for sustainable development, United Nations Population Division (UNPD), World Population Prospects: The 2012 revision, World urbanization prospects: The 2011 Revision, United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR), Hyogo Framework for Action 2005–2015: Building the resilience of nations and communities to disaster, United Nations Research Institute for Social Science (UNRISD), Combating Poverty and Inequality. How best can land governance be made gender inclusive? Energy bricolage in Northern Uganda: Rethinking energy geographies in Sub-Saharan Africa. How can different institutional structures effectively support climate compatible development strategies? Participation and Citizen Engagement: A review of the empirical literature, Development Goals: Science alone cannot shape sustainability, How Millennium Development Goals are Unfair to Africa, Redistribution or Recognition? On environmental sustainability, human wellbeing, and vice‐versa marginal and vulnerable groups protected. Conflicts and trade‐offs: a social responsibility to Sustainable development Goals ( SDGs ) in improving enrolment retention... Of resistance to gender equality and informal employment and/or entrepreneurship addressing broader aspects of international Co‐operation … Sustainable. Trade systems be adapted and developed to maximise young people 's capacities for development. 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